IQ (Intelligence Quotient)
IQ test check the IQ, short for intelligence quotient, which is a measure of a person’s reasoning ability. In short it checks how well someone can use information and logic to answer questions or make predictions. IQ tests assess this by measuring short- and long-term memory and also measure how well people can solve puzzles and recall information they’ve heard — and how quickly. Therefore it is an effective way to identify reasons for academic problems.
Every student can learn, no matter how intelligent. But some students struggle in school because of a weakness in one specific area of intelligence. IQ Test helps in identifying the specific areas that a child is struggling with and what can be done about it. With other students who have a normal or high I.Q. and still have academic problems, it points to alternate reasons like behaviour or adjustment problems leading to a resolution of the problem.
IQ test have been around for more than a century. They were originally created in France to help identify students who needed extra help in school. IQ test have many different purposes. Some have been designed to assess children at specific ages. Some are for adults. And some have been designed for people with particular disabilities. Some tests are verbal while others are non-verbal. But any of these tests will tend to work well only for people from a similar cultural or social upbringing. A child in India needs to know different things as compared to a child of the same age in US. So it is very important to use a test which is standardised, reliable and culturally adapted.
At Insight we use a standardised, culturally adapted version of WISC, the most popular IQ test. It is a combination of both verbal and non verbal tests. This gives a fair weightage to academic and non academic performance. Also it takes into account 11 different factors of intelligence leading to a better idea for remedial work.
Procedure of IQ Test
Before the test the parents and child go through a counseling session to understand the problems the child is facing, other problems, the environment, etc. This is followed by the actual tests and ends with a session where the results and a plan for the future is discussed. This might be followed by future sessions as discussed and decided by the therapist and the parents.
Who is an IQ Test for
This test is useful for children who are consistently facing academic problems. While academics are an issue by themselves they can lead to further problems like low self confidence, frustration, anger, school refusal, truancy etc. It helps in finding the reason and more effective options of dealing with the issues at hand.